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Pre-menstrual syndrome

Pre-Menstrual Syndrome is a combination of ailments (i.e. a syndrome) that occurs during the three or four days just prior to Menstruation. The primary cause of PMS is believed to be the retention of Water (Edema) caused by impaired secretion of Progesterone and Adrenocorticosteroid Hormones.

Prevalence

PMS affects 40% of all females between the ages of 14 and 50 (of this 40%, 10 to 12 % report severely debilitating symptoms that disrupt their lives). research

These Substances Alleviate or Prevent Pre-Menstrual Syndrome

SOLAL PRODUCTS BOLDED FOR EASY REFERENCE

Amino Acids

Theanine (200 mg per day) may alleviate the symptoms of PMS. references
Tryptophan (6,000 mg per day) may improve Mood in PMS patients. references

Tyrosine may alleviate the Fatigue and Depression experienced by many PMS patients. references

Hormones

Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) may alleviate many of the symptoms of PMS - females afflicted with PMS have an altered pattern of daily DHEA production.
Supplemental Pregnenolone (30 mg per day) prevents PMS symptoms in many women. research
Progesterone supplementation (e.g. natural Progesterone cream applied topically) alleviates many of the symptoms of PMS and helps to prevent PMS (by counteracting Estrogens dominance). research

Minerals

Calcium alleviates many of the symptoms of PMS. research

Magnesium alleviates the Irritability, Fatigue, Depression and Edema associated with PMS and PMS patients are generally found to be deficient in Magnesium. research
USE SOLAL “CALMAG’ FOR THE MOST BIO-AVAILABLE AND ABSORBABLE FORM OF CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM.

Neurotransmitters

Serotonin levels fall just prior to Menstruation. (See Below for Precursers to Serotonin)

These Substances Enhance the Function/Formation of Serotonin

Amino Acids

5-Hydroxtryptophan (5-HTP) is the immediate metabolic precursor for endogenous Serotonin production.

S-Adenosylmethionine (SAM) is involved in the metabolic pathway that governs the conversion of Serotonin to Melatonin.
Tryptophan
is a precursor for Serotonin production, although only a small portion of dietary Tryptophan is utilized in manufacturing Serotonin. research

Electromagnetic Radiation

Negative Ions decrease elevated circulating Serotonin levels.

Enzymes

5-HTP Decarboxylase catalyzes the conversion of 5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) to Serotonin. research

N-Acetyl Transferase (NAT) is a cofactor for the conversion of Serotonin to N-Acetylserotonin (the immediate precursor of Melatonin)

Minerals

Calcium affects Serotonin function.
Magnesium assists the function of Serotonin.
USE SOLAL ‘CAL/MAG’ FOR A COMBINATION OF THE MOST BIO-AVAILABLE AND ABSORBABLE CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM,

Smart Drugs

Vinpocetine increases the Brain’s turnover of Serotonin.

Sterols

Cholesterol increases the number of Receptors within the Brain for Serotonin.

Vitamins

Vitamin B6 is a cofactor for the endogenous conversion of 5-Hydroxytryptophan to Serotonin. research

Sulfuric Compounds

Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is claimed to alleviate the Headaches associated with (the PMS-C form of) PMS (according to anecdotal reports).

Vitamins

Vitamin A alleviates many of the symptoms of PMS. research
Vitamin B6 alleviates PMS. research
Vitamin E alleviates the symptoms of PMS (including the Mastalgia (painful Breasts) that often occur in conjunction with PMS). research

Oils - Dietary

Many PMS patients are unable to convert Linoleic Acid to Gamma-
Linolenic Acid (GLA) - Blackcurrant Seed Oil, by providing pre-formed GLA, overcomes this deficit.

Borage Seed Oil alleviates PMS:

Many PMS patients are unable to convert Linoleic Acid to Gamma-
Linolenic Acid (GLA) - Borage Seed Oil, by providing pre-formed GLA, overcomes this deficit.

Evening Primrose Oil may alleviate PMS (due to the Gamma-Linolenic Acid (GLA) content of Evening Primrose Oil) - although it is noteworthy that some scientific research refutes the ability of Evening Primrose Oil to influence PMS: research

Many PMS patients are unable to convert Linoleic Acid to Gamma-

Linolenic Acid (GLA) - Evening Primrose Oil, by providing pre-formed GLA, overcomes this deficit.

Fish Oils alleviate PMS. research
Flax Seed Oil is beneficial in the treatment of some cases of PMS (due to the high Alpha-Linolenic Acid (LNA) content of Flax Seed Oil).
USE SOLAL ‘LIFE-OIL’ FOR A COMBINATION OF THE ABOVEMENTIONED ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS
Orthodox Medical Treatments for Pre-Menstrual Syndrome

Pharmaceutical Drugs

Synthetic Progestins are often prescribed to alleviate PMS.

Other Factors that Prevent Pre-Menstrual Syndrome

Exercise

Regular Exercise helps to prevent PMS. research

Sub-Types of Pre-Menstrual Syndrome

The symptoms of PMS Type A are Anxiety, Insomnia, Irritability and Mood Swings. It is characterized by elevated serum Estrone and Estradiol levels and lowered Progesterone levels. PMS-A patients often consume excessive Dairy Products and Simple Sugars. Vitamin B6 is often effective for this form (by helping to restore Progesterone levels to normal).
The symptoms of PMS Type C are Carbohydrate Cravings, Fainting, Fatigue, Headaches and Vertigo. PMS-C is characterized by low serum Magnesium and deficient levels of Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1).

The symptoms of PMS Type D are Confusion, Depression and Memory loss. PMS-D is often caused by Lead intoxication. Serum Progesterone may be elevated during the midluteal phase.
The symptoms of PMS Type H (also known as PMS Type W) are Edema (Water retention) , Obesity (weight gain), Breast Swelling, Breast Tenderness and Abdominal Bloating. PMS-H is often caused by elevated serum Aldosterone. It has been reported that Vitamin B6 suppresses elevated Aldosterone and that Vitamin E alleviates the Breast Swelling and Breast Tenderness (Mastalgia) associated with this form of PMS. PMS-H patients should limit their ingestion of Methylxanthines, Nicotine and Sodium.

The symptoms of PMS Type P are Acne, Oily Skin, Oily Hair, Dysmenorrhea, Nausea and Vomiting.
PMS can Exacerbate these Ailments

Cardiovascular System

PMS often aggravates existing Varicose Veins.

These Substances can Cause/Exacerbate PMS

Alkaloids

Excessive consumption of Caffeine increases the risk of PMS. research

Carbohydrates

Excessive consumption of Simple Sugars increases the risk of PMS and exacerbates the symptoms of PMS. research

Hormones

Excessive Cortisol production has been linked to an increased risk for PMS. Research (See below for substances that counteract the toxic effects of Cortisol)

These Substances Minimize the Toxic Effects of Excessive Cortisol

Amino Acids

Acetyl-L-Carnitine (ALC) reduces Stress-induced Cortisol release. Research

Hormones

Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) maintains Cortisol balance (homeostasis), preventing elevated Cortisol levels and counteracts the toxic effects of Cortisol. research
Melatonin lowers the body’s levels of Cortisol (by stimulating the release of Vasotocin which in turn inhibits Cortisol release).
Pregnenolone counteracts many of the toxic effects of excessive Cortisol.

Testosterone inhibits the excessive production of Cortisol. research

Vasotocin inhibits the release of Cortisol.

Lipids

Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) minimizes the catabolic effects of Cortisol.
Phosphatidylserine (PS) reduces the endogenous release of Cortisol following intensive Exercise or excessive Stress. research

Polyphenols

Chrysin suppresses the production of Cortisol (by activating Benzodiazepine Receptors which is a known mechanism of Cortisol suppression).

Vitamins

Vitamin C helps to protect against the toxic effects of excessive Cortisol release arising as a result of Stress: research

Vitamin C lowers the production of Cortisol by the Adrenal Glands during periods of Stress.

These Herbs Minimize the Toxic Effects of Cortisol

Ginkgo biloba inhibits the endogenous production of Cortisol.

Electromagnetic Radiation

Negative Ions decrease elevated circulating Serotonin levels

Impairment of the conversion of Estrogens to Estriol within the Liver causes the PMS-A form of PMS:

Impaired conversion of Estrone to Estriol within the Liver causes the PMS-
A form of PMS.
Impaired conversion of Estradiol to Estriol within the Liver causes the PMS-A form of PMS.

Microorganisms

Candida albicans proliferation can exacerbate PMS.

Minerals

Excessive consumption of Copper can exacerbate PMS.
Excessive consumption of Sodium exacerbates the Edema (water retention) that often occurs in conjunction with PMS.

These Ailments can Cause/Exacerbate PMS

Metabolism

PMS can occur as a result of Hypothyroidism. Research

 
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